Turner syndrome, also known as Gonadal dysgenesis, is a chromosomal abnormality wherein the absence of a sex chromosome or a missing portion of it causes health problems, including heart, kidney or thyroid problems, high blood pressure, diabetes and non-verbal learning disabilities.
Turner Syndrome affects 1 in every 2,500 girls, where it stunts their growth development. In addition, it hinders the maturation of ovaries, which in turn affects the girl’s sexual development and her ability to be impregnated. Aside from a short stature, physical features commonly seen on girls with Turner Syndrome include broad chest, small fingernails, low hairline, low set ears, obesity and visual impairments.
Although there is no cure for Turner Syndrome as it is a chromosomal abnormality, doctors treat the symptoms and provide prescriptions to assist with the correction of the problems associated with it.
Human growth hormone (HGH) has been considered to be an effective way to treat the symptom of growth and development for girls with Turner Syndrome. HGH can be used either alone or with a low dose of androgen and has been known to increase the growth and, potentially, the full height of the girl. Better results are evident when the treatment begins early in childhood. HGH injections can be administered and has been approved by the FDA for the treatment of Turner Syndrome.
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